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Newsletter by SAND

2024. 5.3 Number 26  |  publisher kyong-hui Choi


South And North Development


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Just as Sand means sand in English, the SAND Research Institute will fill the empty space in inter-Korean relations and North Korea research amid the social focus, and communicate with society with a confident attitude and innovative research results. The SAND Research Institute, comprised of researchers from North and South Korea, will play its role as the main material to build a new 'house of unification' and pave the 'path to unification', just as sand is used as a key material for semiconductors in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

SAND Exclusive


Image: Rodong Sinmun

Loyalty Oath on Kim Jong-un's 40th: Forging a New National Holiday Following Exclusion of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il's Birthdays?

In the midst of North Korea's decision to scrap the Day of the Sun and the Day of the Shining Star, recent confirmation reveals loyalty oath ceremonies took place on Kim Jong-un's 40th birthday...



Nam Sung-wook

 Director of the Convergence Institute for National Unification at Korea University,

Image: Rodong Sinmun

North Korea Calls for Impeachment of President Yoon Suk-yeol,
Emphasizing 'Two-Korea Policy'

In early January 2024, Kim Jong-un, during the 10th Session of the 14th Supreme People's Assembly, ordered the removal of the 'Monument to the Three-Point Charter for National Reunification' at Pyongyang's southern gateway, labeling it a 'disgrace...



Moon Seong-mook

Director of the Center for Korean Unification Strategy

Image: Rodong Sinmun

Analysis and Outlook on North Korea's Public Disclosure of Nuclear Strike Drills

On April 23rd, the Korean Central News Agency reported that "units with the 600mm Super-large Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (MLRS) took part in their inaugural comprehensive nuclear retaliatory tactical exercise."...

Issue Brief


Cho Han-bum

Senior Research Fellow at the Korea Institute for National Unification (KINU)


The 'Dangerous Bromance' between Russia and North Korea: Dynamics and Possibilities for Change Amidst the Ukraine Conflict

In February 2022, North Korea unequivocally supported Russia's invasion of Ukraine, leading to a rapid deepening of ties between the two nations. By July 2023, the visit of Russian Defense Minister Sergei Kuzhugetovich Shoigu to Pyongyang during...

Image: Rodong Sinmun

Academic Article


Kim Philo

Associate Professor at the Institute for Peace and Unification Studies (IPUS),

Image: Rodong Sinmun

North Korea's Declaration of a "Two-State" System and Efforts to Eradicate the Concepts of 'Unification' and 'Nationalism'

North Korea has shocked South Korea's government and academia with a bombshell declaration to completely reverse its policy toward the South, starting in 2024. By declaring South Korea...

Defectors’ Podium


Cho Chung-hui

Director of Good Farmers and Ph.D. in North Korean Studies,

Image: Rodong Sinmun

Rural Development and the Daily Struggles of North Korean Farmers

It's the busiest time of the farming season. In South Korea, where machines take care of all the agricultural work, you might only see a single harvester in an extensive, eerily quiet...

Political Terminology


Image: Rodong Sinmun

Spiritual Strength

The term "spiritual strength" refers to the ideological fortitude of our people, epitomizing their resolute self-reliance to shape their own destiny with unwavering determination and belief.

Kim Myongsung’s Inside North Korea


Image: Yonhap News


Image: Korean Central Television


Kim Myungsung

SAND's Secretary
General Editor for the SAND Newsletter

Image: SAND Institute English News Team


SAND Research Institute, 34 Sajik-ro 8-gil, Jongno-gu, Seoul

TEL: 82-70.8702.9077  |  FAX: 82-70.8615.9077  |  Email:

Sponsorship account: Woori Bank 1005-103-395698 (Account holder: Sand Corporation)

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