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Newsletter by SAND

2024. 4.19 Number 25  |  publisher kyong-hui Choi


South And North Development


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Just as Sand means sand in English, the SAND Research Institute will fill the empty space in inter-Korean relations and North Korea research amid the social focus, and communicate with society with a confident attitude and innovative research results. The SAND Research Institute, comprised of researchers from North and South Korea, will play its role as the main material to build a new 'house of unification' and pave the 'path to unification', just as sand is used as a key material for semiconductors in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

SAND Exclusive


North Korea Initiates ‘Forgiveness Campaign’, Urges Crime Confessions in Pyongyang

North Korea promotes self-reporting by integrating surveillance, punishment, and educational propaganda to curb the internal spread of Korean culture.



Hyun Seung-soo,

Korea Institute for National Unification (KINU)

The Prospect of Vladimir Putin's Visit to North Korea and Their Relations

Since the eruption of the Ukraine War, its reverberations have deeply affected the Korean Peninsula. South Korea's strong condemnation of Russia's disregard for international law in neighboring countries' invasions led to active participation in...

Yonhap News

News & Issues


Cho Eun-il

Senior Research Fellow at the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses (KIDA)


Analysis of the US-Japan Summit and Its Impact on the Korean Peninsula

On April 10, 2024, a pivotal US-Japan summit took place during Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida's visit to the United States. The Kishida administration has pursued a qualitative...

Yonhap News


Kim Jong-un and Officials Skip Memorial Visits on Kim Il-sung’s Birthday

It has been reported that North Korean leader Kim Jong-un skipped visiting the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun on his grandfather Kim Il-sung's birthday (April 15) for the second year...

Rodong Sinmun

a large building with a lot of flags in front of it_edited.jpg

Jeong Jun-hee

Former Director of North Korean Policy Analysis Division at the Ministry of Unification


North Korean Human Rights:
10 Years After the COI Report on North Korea Human Rights

It’s been a decade since the United Nations Commission of Inquiry (COI) presented its report on human rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Despite the report drawing...

NK Focus


Resumption of Illicit Trade across the North Korea-China Border – Full Reopening in April?

After four years, illicit trade between North Korea and China, halted by the COVID-19 pandemic, has reportedly resumed. News of possible border openings since March and the restart of ...

Voice of North Korean Defectors


Lee Young-ran,

 Chairwoman of the Mantap Mountain Association (originally from Kilju County)

“Radiation victims in Kilju County need our attention.”

I spent over five decades in Kilju County, Hamgyongbuk-do, home to the Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Site. I lived through the first three nuclear tests between 2009 and 2013 before defecting from...

Korea Meteorological Administration

Kim Myongsung’s Inside North Korea


Kim Myungsung

SAND's Secretary
General Editor for the SAND Newsletter

SAND Audio 

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North Korea Initiates ‘Forgiveness Campaign’, Urges Crime Confessions in Pyongyang

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NK Focus: Resumption of Illicit Trade across the North Korea-China Border – Full Reopening in April?

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SAND Research Institute, 34 Sajik-ro 8-gil, Jongno-gu, Seoul

TEL: 82-70.8702.9077  |  FAX: 82-70.8615.9077  |  Email:

Sponsorship account: Woori Bank 1005-103-395698 (Account holder: Sand Corporation)

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